Installation of Oracle Database 12c Release 2 on Redhat 7, Oracle Linux 7
Here is short installation HOWTO for Oracle Database 12c Release 2 for Redhat 7, Oracle Linux 7 (and possibly CentOS 7 which is not officially certified and supported distribution). This post covers Oracle Database software installation (only). In case you want to use ASM or other Grid features and you don't have Grid Infrastructure 12c R2 installed refer to my previous post: http://ivan.kartik.sk/index.php?controller=post&action=view&id_post=76 If you don't need ASM or GI features you can continue with this part directly.
This post also contains some steps which were used during Oracle Grid Infrastructure 12c R2 installation, so you can skip those if you followed my GI installation HOWTO.
1. OS preparation
# - stands for "root" action
$ - stands for "oracle" (owner of Oracle software)
Note: You can skip this step if you have installed the Grid Infrastructure Software.
# groupadd dba # groupadd oinstall # useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
Create ORACLE_HOME directory. (Note: In my example I use /opt/oracle/12201 directory, change it to your preferred location):
# mkdir -p /opt/oracle/12201 # chown -R oracle:oinstall /opt/oracle
2. Install required packages
Note: You can skip this step completely once you have installed the Grid Infrastructure Software (as described in my previous post related to Grid Infrastructure installation).
First install required packages (use this command if your computer has access to Internet or you have registered and enabled your media as yum repository).
Add/set kernel parameters to/in /etc/sysctl.d/99-sysctl.conf file:
fs.file-max = 6815744 kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128 kernel.shmmni = 4096 kernel.shmall = 1073741824 kernel.shmmax = 4398046511104 kernel.panic_on_oops = 1 net.core.rmem_default = 262144 net.core.rmem_max = 4194304 net.core.wmem_default = 262144 net.core.wmem_max = 1048576 net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter = 2 net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter = 2 fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576 net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
Execute sysctl -p command to apply settings:
# sysctl -p
Add/set limits to/in /etc/security/limits.d/99-oracle-rdbms.conf file:
oracle soft nofile 1024 oracle hard nofile 65536 oracle soft nproc 16384 oracle hard nproc 16384 oracle soft stack 10240 oracle hard stack 32768 oracle hard memlock 134217728 oracle soft memlock 134217728
4. Software download and install
Download installation archive (linuxx64_12201_database.zip) from http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/database/enterprise-edition/downloads/oracle12c-linux-12201-3608234.html
Unpack the installation archive and start the installer:
$ unzip linuxx64_12201_database.zip $ cd database $ ./runInstaller
Next steps after installation
In case you want startup your Oracle Database(s) automatically and you don't have Oracle Grid Infrastructure installed, you can follow the steps described in the post Configuring automatic startup of Oracle Database under systemd on RHEL 7/OEL 7/CentOS 7 at http://ivan.kartik.sk/index.php?controller=post&action=view&id_post=65