Installation of Oracle 10g Release 2 on Solaris 10 x86

This paper (HOWTO) describes step-by-step installation of Oracle 10g release 2 ( database software on Solaris 10 x86.

This paper covers following steps:

Pre-Instalation Tasks

1. Create oracle User Account

Login as root and create te user oracle which belongs to dba group.
su -
# groupadd dba
# useradd -G dba -m -d /export/home/oracle -s /usr/bin/bash oracle
Note: "#" sign means that you need execute this command as root user.
2. Setting System parameters
Edit the /etc/system and add following line:
set noexec_user_stack=1
Note: Since Solaris 10 shared memory settings for Oracle in /etc/system is obsolete.

Execute following commands to configure system settings for Oracle.
# projadd -U oracle -K "project.max-shm-memory=(priv,4g,deny)"
# projmod -sK "project.max-sem-nsems=(priv,256,deny)"
# projmod -sK "project.max-sem-ids=(priv,100,deny)"
# projmod -sK "project.max-shm-ids=(priv,100,deny)"
Note: Use "prctl -i project" command to check the settings.

3. Enviroment settings
Edit the /export/home/oracle/.bash_profile file and add following lines:


Note: This configuration assumes that user oracle is using Bash as default shell.

Save the .bash_profile and execute following commands for load new enviroment:
cd /export/home/oracle
. .bash_profile

4. Create base directory for Oracle

Login as root and create base directory for Oracle ($ORACLE_BASE).
su -
# cd /opt
# mkdir oracle
# chown oracle:dba oracle

Download & Install

1. Installation of required packages

Some additional packages are required for succesful instalation of Oracle software. To check whether required packages are installed on your operating system use following command:
pkginfo -i SUNWlibms SUNWtoo SUNWi1cs SUNWi15cs SUNWxwfnt SUNWxwplt SUNWmfrun SUNWxwplr SUNWxwdv SUNWgcc SUNWbtool SUNWi1of SUNWhea SUNWlibm SUNWsprot SUNWuiu8

Install the required packages using the pkgadd command:
# pkgadd -d . SUNWlibms SUNWtoo SUNWi1cs SUNWi15cs SUNWxwfnt SUNWxwplt SUNWmfrun SUNWxwplr SUNWxwdv SUNWgcc SUNWbtool \
SUNWi1of SUNWhea SUNWlibm SUNWsprot SUNWuiu8

3. Download the Oracle 10g ( software from Oracle website.
Extract the files using following command:

4. Start the Oracle software installation process.

Now the system is prepared for Oracle software installation. To start the installation process execute the following commands:
cd database

Post-Instalation Tasks

1. Execute scripts (# means "as root"):
# /opt/oracle/oraInventory/
# /opt/oracle/102/

2. (Optional) You may consider to use rlwrap for comfortable wor with sqlplus. Package for Solaris 10 (x86) release you can download here. Note rlwrap is dependent on readline library which should be installed first. Download readline library package.
su -
# gunzip readline-5.1-solaris-x86.gz
# gunzip rlwrap-solaris-x86.gz
# pkgadd -d readline-5.1-solaris-x86 rlwrap-solaris-x86
# exit
echo "alias sqlplus='/usr/local/bin/rlwrap sqlplus'" >> /export/home/oracle/.bash_profile
. /export/home/oracle/.bash_profile

Common Installation Errors

Unable to convert from "UTF-8" to "646" for NLS!
Solution: Install SUNWuiu8 package.

Checking monitor: must be configured to display at least 256 colors >>> Could not execute auto check for display colors using command /usr/openwin/bin/xdpyinfo. Check if the DISPLAY variable is set. Failed <<<< Some requirement checks failed. You must fulfill these requirements before continuing with the installation,at which time they will be rechecked.
1. Install SUNWxwplt package
2. Set DISPLAY variable
3. Execute xhost + on target (set in DISPLAY) computer

Exception in thread "main" java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError:
... java: fatal: open failed: No such file or directory

Solution: Install the SUNWmfrun package.

Can't load '/usr/perl5/5.8.4/lib/i86pc-solaris-64int/auto/Sun/Solaris/Project/' for module Sun::Solaris::Project: perl: fatal: open failed: No such file or directory at /usr/perl5/5.8.4/lib/i86pc-solaris-64int/ line 230. at /usr/sbin/projadd line 19 Compilation failed in require at /usr/sbin/projadd line 19. BEGIN failed--compilation aborted at /usr/sbin/projadd line 19.
Solution: Install the SUNWpool SUNWpoolr packages.

Last update: 01-10-2006 (DD-MM-YYYY). Comments, suggestions, questions, errors (also grammatical :) )? Feel free to contact me.